Bunion Surgery: What You Need to Know

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A bunion is a painful deformity that can lead to significant problems. Most people get their bunions as a result of genetics. The bone at the base of your big toe shifts until it pushes into your big toe, causing it to bend towards the other toes and form a bump.

This bump gets inflamed and irritated easily. The discomfort caused can range from being mildly annoying to so aggravating you can’t wear certain shoes and won’t be able to walk.

Fortunately, there is a relatively safe surgery available for bunions. Here’s a guide on bunion surgery and what you need to know.

Understanding Bunions

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Before we talk about how bunion surgery works, it’s important to know what a bunion is. A bunion is a hard bump that grows at the base of the big toe.

It happens when the joint at the base of the big toe moves out of place, causing the big toe to point toward the other toes. This misalignment causes a bunion to form, which can be painful and make it hard to find shoes that are comfy.

When to Consider Bunion Surgery?

Bunion surgery is typically not the first line of treatment for bunions. Initially, conservative approaches such as wearing roomy shoes, using orthotic inserts, and applying ice or taking over-the-counter pain medications may be recommended. However, if your bunion is causing severe pain, hindering your ability to walk or perform daily activities, and conservative measures have not provided relief, it may be time to consider bunion surgery.

Consulting a Podiatrist

A podiatrist is a medical specialist who specializes in diagnosing and treating conditions related to the foot and ankle. They have extensive knowledge and experience in treating bunions and can assess your specific situation. Based on their evaluation, they will recommend an appropriate treatment plan, which may include bunion surgery if necessary.

Types of Bunion Surgery

There are different surgical procedures available for these foot issues. The specific approach depends on the severity of the bunion and individual factors. The most common types of bunion surgery include:

Bunionectomy

This procedure involves removing the bony bump and realigning the affected joint. The podiatrist may also need to cut and realign the bone in some cases.

Osteotomy

In this procedure, the surgeon cuts and realigns the bones in the foot to correct the misalignment.

Arthrodesis

This surgical option is typically recommended for severe cases where the joint damage is significant. It involves fusing the joint to provide stability and reduce pain.

Recovery and Rehabilitation

After bunion surgery, it’s important to follow the podiatrist’s post-operative instructions for a successful recovery. You may need to wear a special shoe or boot and avoid putting weight on the foot for some time. Physical therapy exercises may also be recommended to strengthen the foot, proper foot care, and aid in the recovery process.

Understanding Everything About Bunion Surgery

Bunion surgery is a viable solution for those dealing with bunion pain and discomfort. It is important to speak to a specialist to understand the risks associated with surgery and to determine which procedure is right for you. With careful consideration and research, bunion surgery can provide successful and lasting relief.

Throughout the bunion surgery process, it is important to ensure all information is understood, and expectations are realistic. If you have further questions or concerns about bunion surgery, don’t think twice about contacting a health professional.