5 Basic Parts of a Washing Machine


Are you tired of clothes not coming out clean from your washing machine?

Understanding the internal parts of a washing machine can help you diagnose issues and improve its performance. For most of us, it’s a cost-benefit analysis of how much each feature adds to the price tag.

But before you can wrap your head around the cost, you must know how each feature works!

Here is a little more information on all five washing machine parts and their function. Continue reading!


1. A Motor

The motor is the primary power source of the washing machine. It drives the drum, agitator, and other components during the wash cycle. It can be either an induction or a universal motor, connecting to the transmission or gearbox.

The control panel or circuit board controls the motor to regulate the speed and direction of the drum and agitator.

If you have a problem with the motor of your washing machine, you may get used washer parts from a reliable store online and replace your defective washing machine motor.

2. Drum or Tub

The drum or tub of a washing machine is the cylindrical component where you add the water. It is stainless steel and has a belt connected to the motor.

The motor then causes the drum to rotate, thus agitating the laundry. The drum holes make it perforated, allowing the water to drain after each wash cycle and spin during operation.

It also helps create a centrifugal force as the clothes spin, wringing most of the water out. During the spin cycle, the lid switch senses once you lift and shuts the machine off, keeping an open lid from resulting in a disaster.

3. Agitator or Drum Paddle

The agitator or drum paddle is the central column inside a washing machine’s drum. It rotates during the wash cycle to move the clothes and create friction, helping to remove dirt and stains.

The agitator is like a spiral or a set of fins. Some washing machines have a drum paddle instead of an agitator, which moves the clothes in a gentle, wave-like motion.

4. Transmission or Gearbox

The transmission or gearbox is the component that transfers power from the motor to the drum and agitator. It regulates the speed and direction of the drum rotation during the wash cycle, allowing the machine to switch between agitation, rinse, and spin modes.

The transmission or gearbox contains gears, belts, and pulleys and may have a housing in an oil-filled casing to reduce noise and wear.

5. Control Panel or Circuit Board

The control panel or circuit board is the part of the washing machine that controls the various functions and settings. It contains buttons, knobs, or touch controls to start the engine, select the wash cycle, and adjust settings such as water temperature and spin speed.

The control panel or circuit board also contains the electronic components that manage the machine’s operations, including the timer, display, and sensors. Some┬ámain parts of a washing machine have a digital display to show the time remaining in the wash cycle or other information.

Clean these Parts of a Washing Machine

The essential parts of a washing machine work together to wash your clothes. Understanding these components can help you troubleshoot issues and improve the performance of your washing machine.

Regular maintenance and cleaning of these parts can extend the lifespan of your appliance and ensure your clothes come out looking and feeling their best.